The genetics department is including two sections: Molecular and Cytogenetics.
Molecular Genetics: Studying genes and finding their disorders regarding genetic diseases, are considered as a part of medical genetics services. The result of such these tests can be used for studying carriers and pregnancy diagnosis.
Cytogenetics: Cytogenetics is a subtype of the genetics department that examines the human chromosomes numerical and structural by cultivating an individual cell. Cytogenetics studies help to prevent the birth of infants with numerical and structural disorders in their chromosomes that are caused the difficulties such as mental retardation, growth retardation, etc.
Furthermore, the study of chromosomes in adults can be effective for the diagnosis of some problems like spontaneous abortion, recurrent abortion, infertility, etc.